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Town of North Berwick
State: ME
County: York


Salmon Falls River Watershed

Grant Brook originates in a marsh area near Beech Ridge Road. It flows for a mile through woods and marsh and then leaves North Berwick.

Togue Brook flows out of the northern end of Maple Swamp and runs north for a mile through forest until it leaves North Berwick.

The Little River flows into North Berwick from Lebanon, near Lebanon Road, where it passes a small farm and crosses under Little River Road. It runs for approximately 1.25 miles before forming several dramatic oxbows and passing into Berwick.

Great Works River Watershed

Maple Swamp is an area of wooded and emergent wetland sitting on the North Berwick border with Berwick west of Beech Ridge Road. Maple Swamp Brook drains out of the southern end of Maple Swamp in an undeveloped forest area west of Beech Ridge Road. It crosses Governor Goodwin Road and passes several small farms and a few homes. The brook then passes through a culvert on Beech Ridge Road and pools behind a dam at Cider Mill Pond Road. After passing the dam, Maple Swamp Brook passes under Somersworth Road and crosses a large farm field. It then travels for a half mile through forest until converging with Frost Brook.

Abbott Brook flows out of a wetland near the intersection of Beech Ridge and Governor Goodwin Road. It flows south past the Noble High School and crosses large farm on Somersworth Road. The brook then backs up at a beaver dam west of Buffum Road. A half mile further downstream Abbott Brook converges with Maple Swamp Brook. Frost Brook begins at this convergence and flows for a half mile until it meets the Boston and Maine Railroad tracks. After passing under the tracks the brook converges with Beaver Dam Brook flowing in from Berwick. The two brooks combine to become Hussey Brook, which runs for a short distance before passing under a bridge on Elm Street, crossing the power line right of way and entering South Berwick.

Estes Brook runs out of a wooded area a mile south of Bauneg Beg Mountain, between Turkey Road and Oak Woods Road. The brook runs past a few homes and small farms and flows under Turkey Road. It continues to meander for a quarter mile and then joins the Neoutaquet River. This river begins near Lebanon Road and gathers water from several small streams as it flows southeast past homes, farms, and a small junk yard on Lebanon Road. Estes Brook adds its waters just before the river enters a 2.25 mile stretch of forest that extends south to Governor Goodwin Road. Neoutaquet River passes under the road and then turns east, flowing parallel to Maple Street for a half mile. The river begins to widen as it crosses the power line right of way and then flows through the backyards of several homes and businesses on Lebanon Road. The banks of the river become increasingly urban as it flows into North Berwick center, where it passes a dam and then joins the Great Works River.

Perkins Brook crosses into North Berwick from Wells and flows for just a half mile before joining West Brook. West Brook flows into North Berwick from Wells right next to the Boston and Maine Railroad tracks. It is soon joined be Perkins Brook from the north and another small stream from the south. The brook widens as it backs up behind a small dam at the Pratt and Whitney manufacturing facility. West Brook crosses two small roads behind the facility and then flows into the Great Works River.

The Great Works River forms most of North Berwick’s eastern border with Sanford. It flows past numerous homes along Morrills Mill Road and gathers water from a small stream before passing through a narrow bridge on Fox Farm Hill Road. The river meanders past a gravel pit and enters a large marsh area bisected by a power line right of way. It then begins to widen as it flows into Bauneg Beg Pond, a 180 acre body of water that lies across the North Berwick and Wells border. The shoreline of the pond is moderately built up with homes a few small roads right at the waters edge. At its outlet from the pond the Great Works River passes a small dam on Morrills Mill Road and continues south as several small streams and marshes add to its waters. The river forms a short stretch of rapids as it narrows and passes under a bridge on Boyle Road. It flows through mostly undeveloped terrain for three miles before encountering another dam on Staples Drive. Here the river forms a reservoir bordered by a large condominium complex with lawns right down to the shoreline. Passing the dam, the Great Works River twists and turns around a large farm on High Street and is then joined by West Brook at near the Pratt and Whitney facility. The river meets a large dam in the center of town and is joined by the Neoutaquet River a quarter mile downstream from the Wells Street bridge. As it leaves the highly developed town center the river begins to twist and turn again, flowing past the wastewater treatment lagoons on Eastern Avenue and passing into South Berwick.

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Water District: North Berwick Water District
District Website: (207) 287-2070
Water Source: Groundwater Wells
# Accts Serv: 600
Other Towns: none
Sewer District: North Berwick Sewer District
District Website: 676-2711 (recycling center/transfer stat...
Receiving Waters: Great Works River
# Accts Serv: 450
Other Towns: none
(Click the Title of the article to learn more.)
Great Works Regional Land Trust
Community Assistance Providers

Serving the communities of Berwick, Eliot, Ogunquit, and Wells.

North Berwick Comprehensive Plan Update 2008
Publications, Websites, and Tools
2008 update to the North Berwick Comprehensive Plan.

Seal:town seal, click to enlarge
Population:4829 (U.S. Census Est. 2006)
Area:36.1 square miles


North Berwick is located on the inland side of the coastal plain in the foothills that form the drainage divide between the ocean and the Piscataqua River. The entire southeastern part of town is within the drainage of the Great Works River, which flows westerly to the Piscataqua.

North Berwick is a town with a strong rural character, a village center, and two significant industrial uses (Pratt & Whitney and Hussey Seating) that provide around 2,000 jobs. With the exception of homes located mostly along the frontages of rural roads, the remainder of its 38 square miles of land is undeveloped. As of the 2000 Census, its population density was about 44 people per square mile.

Residential growth is being driven by suburban style development, meeting the demand of a growing commuter population. In 2001 the town adopted a residential growth cap of 39 permits issued annually in an attempt to control development of the landscape. North Berwick grew from 3,793 persons in 1990 to 4,293 persons in 2000. This represents a growth rate of 13.18%, which has declined from the previous two decades. However, projections indicate that North Berwick will experience a large percentage of overall growth in York County. Reasons for this include increasing housing costs in coastal communities, available land, and desirability of the community.

Today the town has become primarily a bedroom community for nearby labor markets. The number of North Berwick residents commuting to other communities rose from 33% in 1990 to 66% in 2000. The primary employers within North Berwick are the Pratt and Whitney jet engines manufacturing plant, the Hussey Seating Company, and the school district.

North Berwick has very little publicly owned passive open space currently set aside. Bauneg Beg Mountain, totaling about 90 acres, is the only significant conservation holdings in the town. The land is under the control of the Great Works Regional Land Trust (with public access permitted). In 2004, 3,226 acres or 13.8% of total town acreage was in Tree Growth. Many of the larger Tree Growth parcels form the backbone for the town’s rural landscape. 2000 estimates place land in agricultural use at around 1,000 acres or roughly 4% of the total area of the town. Eight farms with a total of just under 200 acres have registered for the open space/agricultural use program of the state. The preservation of open spaces for wildlife, and natural and scenic beauty was, and still is, very important to the Town. The Town has adopted an open space and recreation plan, and is one of only two towns in York County that charge an impact fee for future purchases of recreation and open space.

to learn more see The North Berwick Comprehensive Plan


The Pequaket tribe of the Abanaki people inhabited North Berwick at the time of early European settlement. The native people had encampments at Bauneg Beg Pond and along the Great Works River.

North Berwick was first settled in 1693.

In the mid 1700’s a saw mill was established at the mouth of the Neoutaquet River. Later a sawmill, gristmill and carding mill were built at Doughty Falls on the Great Works River. Population in North Berwick began to grow after the Revolutionary War. It was incorporated from Berwick on March 22, 1831.

Development increased with the arrival of the Railroad in the mid 1800’s. North Berwick became a railroad hub from which its manufactured goods were shipped including blocks of ice cut from frozen ponds. The population of North Berwick was 1,623 in 1870. By 1880 it had grown to 1,801.

The Lang, Hill & Company manufacturers operated a mill on the Great Works River from 1834 to 1955 and mill work was one of the primary draws for people moving to North Berwick in the early 1900’s. The Hussey Manufacturing company opened a factory along the Neotaquet River in the mid 1800’s where they built a dam. The company remains as a large employer today.

The population of North Berwick in 1990 was 3,793. By 2000 it had grown by 13% to 4,293.

The Wells National Estuarine Research Reserve at Laudholm Farm, Wells, Maine Copyright 2006 All rights reserved. Collaboration with NOAA CSC, Charleston SC