SWIM home Seacoast Watershed Information Manager
HomeMapsToolsProjectsAction Steps
What's NewIntro Contacts
Town of Milton
State: NH
County: Strafford


Cocheco River Watershed

Dames Brook originates near Miltonís western border with Middleton. It flows south along Middleton Road, passing several dozen homes, and crosses Hare Road into a mile and a half of forest. The brook forms a small marsh near Miltonís southern border and then crosses Park Place into Farmington on its way to join the Cocheco River.

Salmon Falls River Watershed

Miller Brook flows into Milton from Wakefield, in an emergent wetland near Willey Road. It runs past a small farm and crosses Guptil Road, and then continues south, passing a dozen homes along Willey Road. The brook then crosses the road and passes through several farm fields. It flows by a cemetery and under a bridge on Applebee Road. Miller brook enters a small emergent wetland where it meets the Salmon Falls River, just south of Milton Mills.

Hart Brook flows out of a small marsh that lies along Mason Road. It runs north through a mile of forest and then joins Jones Brook, which flows into Milton from Middleton, in an area of emergent wetland. Jones Brook runs through two miles of forest and then turns north past a large gravel pit. Passing through a large forested wetland, the brook begins to follow railroad tracks, and crosses them near the Spaulding Turnpike. Jones Brook then passes several homes as it crosses Piggott Road and White Mountain Highway, and then flows into Branch River.

Branch River flows into Milton from Wakefield, between White Mountain Highway and Spaulding Turnpike. It passes dozens of homes and then runs under a bridge on Spaulding Turnpike. Several roads converge here and pavement accounts for the majority of the development along this part of Branch River. From here, the river passes through a mile and a half of relatively undeveloped forest and then flows into a large marsh on the western edge of Northeast Pond.

Great Brook flows out of a forested area along Sam Plummer Road, south of Teneriffe Mountain. It forms a large emergent wetland near a subdivision on Winding Hill Road. The brook then crosses this road and passes by several dozen homes along Evergreen Valley Road. Great Brook crosses Farmington Road and flows along the Spaulding Turnpike for a short distance before passing under it through a small culvert. The brook then crosses the railroad tracks and flows past a water treatment plant. It flows under a bridge on Milton Road and then into Spaulding Pond.

The Salmon Falls River forms Miltonís eastern border with Maine. At first it encounters little development as it flows south from Wakefield through a large emergent wetland. Then the river backs up behind a dam on Hopper Road. The river picks up speed as it cuts its channel and drops 50 feet in elevation over a half mile stretch ending up at another damn on Church Street. Numerous homes border the river here in the village of Milton Mills. The river passes under a bridge on Willey Road and passes through a marsh area bordered by several farms and a cemetery. The river passes several more farms and a small junk yard. The Salmon Falls River then twists and turns through two miles of marsh before flowing into Northeast Pond. This pond is 684 acres in size and is home to 14 species of fish. Its northern end is primarily bordered by forest and marsh. The shoreline becomes increasingly developed, with numerous homes and camps along Bolan Road and Town House Road. The Salmon Falls River flows out of Northeast Pond under a bridge on Town House Road, and flows by more development along its banks before entering Milton Pond. The shoreline of this pond is heavily developed with businesses, homes, and parks along White Mountain Highway and Saint James Avenue. At its southern end, Milton Pond narrows as Salmon Falls River passes under two bridges. The river then encounters several dams and begins to move quickly as it drops 150 feet in elevation over a 1.75 mile stretch of rapids. It then flows into 103 acre Spaulding Pond through a shallow marsh area at its northern end. Homes line the entire western shore of the pond with several lawns right down to the water. The southern end of Spaulding Pond and the Salmon Falls River, then pass into Rochester.

To see the locations of these resources in Google Earth follow this link.

If you do not have Google Earth software you may download it by following this link.

Water District: Milton Water District
District Website: (603) 652-0971
Water Source: Groundwater Wells
# Accts Serv: 250
Other Towns: none
Sewer District: Milton Municipal
District Website: (603) 652-0971
Receiving Waters: Salmon Falls River
# Accts Serv: 800 pop.
Other Towns: none
(Click the Title of the article to learn more.)
Milton Master Plan
Publications, Websites, and Tools
2004 update to the Master Plan for the town of Milton, NH.

Moose Mountains Regional Greenways
Community Assistance Providers

Seal:town seal, click to enlarge
Population:4457 (U.S. Census Est. 2006)
Area:33.1 square miles


Milton is primarily a rural town with a town center built up along the banks of the Salmon Falls River. The town retains a few working farms and some open space, but is mostly forested. Development is concentrated in the southern and eastern portions of town, while the north and west are mostly undeveloped.

Several large parcels of conservation land are held in private easements around Branch River and Jones Brook. In addition, the state and the town manage a few smaller parcels throughout Milton.

Population growth in Milton has slowed in recent years when compared with the rapid increases of the 70ís and 80ís. But growth still threatens to alter the rural character of the town as residential development continues to sprawl along the existing roads. Based on the 2000 census, population is projected to increase to 4,530 by 2010.

Recreation opportunities are spread out through the town. Milton Three Ponds is a popular swimming spot, and there are a few parks along the rivers.

to learn more see The Milton Master Plan


The area that includes Milton was settled in 1760. It would be set off and incorporated from Rochester in 1802.

Milton was the site of early industry in the area, where water power from the Salmon Falls River was harnessed to run sawmills for the early timber industry.

With the rise of manufacturing in Milton, farming went into decline as people left the fields to work in the factories. During the 19th century, the village of Milton Mills had 4 shoe factories, 2 woolen mills, 1 felt mill, 1 carriage shop and many sawmills. In 1872, Henry H. Townsend established The Miltonia Mills. The company went bankrupt in 1950, and he building later became Greene Tanning, a leather tannery. Jonas Spaulding and Sons company opened several leatherboard mills in Milton between 1893 and 1913.

Milton Three Ponds Dam
Town of Milton
The Wells National Estuarine Research Reserve at Laudholm Farm, Wells, Maine Copyright 2006 All rights reserved. Collaboration with NOAA CSC, Charleston SC