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Town of Alfred
State: ME
County: York


Mousam River Watershed

The west shore of Middle Branch Pond lies within Alfred on the border with Waterboro. The Alfred shore is undeveloped except for a few houses off of Gore Road. Middle Branch Pond feeds the Middle Branch of The Mousam River which reenters Alfred near Avery Road.

The Middle Branch runs past a few farms and houses and crosses three town roads before entering a stretch of woods, which extends south to the Sanford Road. Here the river twists and turns through Alfred town center, looping around Round Pond and finally joining Estes Lake.

Shaker Brook runs into Alfred near Route 202 and feeds Shaker Pond. Shaker Pond is 106 acres in area with an average depth of 11 feet. It is bounded by close to 40 homes along the west shore and Route 202 to the east. The Littlefield River drains Shaker Pond at its southern end. It runs for approximately 4 miles, crosses under several roads, and runs through the Alfred Mills area before joining Estes Lake.

Hay Brook drains a marsh area west of Alfred town center near Mountain Road. The brook runs along Alfred’s western border with Sanford for approximately 3.5 miles until it meets Estes Lake.

Estes Lake is formed where the Mousam River backs up behind a hydro-electric dam. The Lake is home to many species of fish including bass, pickerel, catfish, perch, carp, and eel. The Alfred shore of Estes Lake is approximately 4 miles long and is characterized by low density residential development off of Mouse Road, except for a 1 mile undeveloped stretch near the dam.

The Mousam River runs through Estes Lake and past two dams in its 2.25 mile run through Alfred.

Kennebunk River Watershed

Carlisle Brook, a tributary of the Kennebunk River, has its headwaters in the marsh area near the intersection of Government Road and Old Kennebunk Road.

To see the locations of these resources in Google Earth follow this link.

If you do not have Google Earth software you may download it by following this link.

Water District: 
District Website: none
Water Source: 
# Accts Serv: 
Other Towns: none
Sewer District: Septic
District Website: none
Receiving Waters: groundwater
# Accts Serv: N/A
Other Towns: none
(Click the Title of the article to learn more.)
Alfred Comprehensive Plan
Publications, Websites, and Tools
Comprehensive Plan as accepted by the town in 2005 to guide growth and development with the protection of natural resources.

Estes Lake Association
Community Assistance Providers
An organization of landowners around Estes Lake dealing with related social and environmental issues.

Population:2870 (U.S. Census Est. 2006)
Area:26.2 square miles


Located in the geographical center of York County, Alfred is a predominantly rural community with a classic New England village center that is both historic and contemporary. Within the last 20 years Alfred has doubled in population and is increasingly taking on a suburban character with its roads becoming congested and development spreading into the rural areas. Residents work in nearby Sanford, Portland, or commute south to Kittery, Portsmouth or as far as Massachusetts.

Natural resources, large tracts of open space and a variety of recreational opportunities largely shape the town’s rural character. The federally owned Massabesic Experimental Forest encompasses 1,754 acres, and most of it is available for hiking, hunting, snowmobiling, and cross-country skiing. The town's numerous lakes, streams and wetlands support a variety of wildlife and provide recreational opportunities as well. There is ice-skating at the Brother's and on Shaker Pond and Estes Lake. Many owners of large landholdings permit public access for hunting, fishing and winter recreational activities. The Alfred Water Company became a quasi-municipal district in 2001 and supplies water to roughly 700 residents in the village area.


Originally, the area that includes Alfred was known to the Native Americans as Massabesic. In 1764 Alfred’s first American settler built a wigwam near the north side of Shaker Pond. Within 20 years, the town had sawmills, gristmills had been built, harnessing the power of the local rivers. A thriving lumber industry developed. Many areas of virgin pine were cut for ship masts. When the first growth was cut, prime land became available for crops and pasture, and an agricultural economy developed which often relied on local water resources for irrigation. In 1794, the Shaker community built a meetinghouse on land they held between Shaker Pond and Bunganut Pond in Lyman. Eventually the Shaker community had more than 50 buildings near the shores of the pond. Alfred was incorporated on February 25, 1808. In 1947, when widespread forest fires burned throughout Western Maine , Alfred lost 4,500 acres of woodland. The town's population began to increase rapidly during the late 1960s and early 1970s. Because of increasing growth, the town's first Comprehensive Plan was developed in 1973. During the 1970s, the town's population increased by 56%. In 2002, Building permits were limited to 40 by the passing of a growth ordinance at the town meeting.

The Wells National Estuarine Research Reserve at Laudholm Farm, Wells, Maine Copyright 2006 All rights reserved. Collaboration with NOAA CSC, Charleston SC